Kidney Transplant –Precautions, Risks and Associated Complications
The function of the kidney is to filter waste from the blood and discard it from your body through your urine. Moreover, the kidney also assists to maintain your body’s fluid as well as electrolyte balance. Whenever your kidneys stop functioning, waste starts accumulating inside your body and might make you sick.
Basics of Kidney Transplant:
A kidney transplant is essentially a surgical procedure which is carried out to treat kidney failure. It is found that a kidney transplant can free a patient from a long-term reliance on a dialysis machine as well as the strict schedule that comes along with. The transplant can facilitate a person live a more active life. But, it should be remembered that kidney transplants are not suitable for every person. This includes persons diagnosed with active infections and those who are strictly overweight.
During the process of a kidney transplant, the surgeon will place a donated kidney inside your body. Though you are born with two kidneys, it is possible that you can live a healthy life with just one functioning kidney. The patients who have undergone the transplant will need to take immune-suppressing medications in order to keep their immune system protected from attacking the new organ. The patient can get treatment from the Best Kidney Transplant Centers in India.
What to do after the transplant?
Careful precautions need to be taken after accomplishing the kidney transplant. After you are discharged, make sure that you conduct regular appointments with your kidney transplant team. You may be prone to infection because immunosuppressive medications impede with your natural immune system. Therefore, wash your hands carefully, and keep it away from mouth and face. You need to take care to stay away from people suffering from colds or other infections.
Following are the do’s and don’ts one need to follow after the transplant:
- Prior to leaving the hospital, understand the special instructions given by your transplant team on when and how to take your medications.
- Follow the checkup schedule to be followed after surgery.
- Take immunosuppressant drugs as directed.
- Make sure you stay hydrated and include protein in your diet.
- Eat Citrus Fruits
- Certain vitamins and herbal supplements
- Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
- Eating raw or under-cooked foods
Are there any risks?
The greatest serious risk of a kidney transplant is that the body rejects the kidney. But it occurs very rare that your body would reject your donor kidney.
Let’s have a look at the risks:
- An allergic reaction to general anaesthesia
- Blood clots
- A blockage of the ureter
- A leakage from the ureter
- Rejection of the donated kidney
- An infection
- Failure of the donated kidney
- A stroke
- A heart attack
In addition to these, the immunosuppressant drugs that a patient should intake after surgery could lead to certain side effects too. These include weight gain, acne, increased hair growth, bone thinning, and risk of developing certain skin cancers as well as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. At the Best Kidney Transplant Hospital in Delhi, you can talk to your doctor regarding the risks of developing such kinds of side effects.
The patient can anticipate some pain and soreness close to the incision site while he/she is initially healing. When the patient is getting treatment in the hospital, the doctors will monitor him/her for complications. The kidney transplant involves a major abdominal surgery which weakens the abdominal muscles and might cause abdominal hernias around the region of the incision known as incisional hernia. The patients who are obsessed, or facing from diabetes symptoms may face severe complications.
The kidney transplant is now a common treatment and it comes with many benefits to patients; however, the associated risks and complications should be taken care of. Patient can look for the finest medical facility, like Saroj Hospital that offers effective results of the treatment.
Kidney Stones: Understand the Symptoms, Treatment and Tests
If you suspect that you might be suffering from kidney stones, it is best to get diagnosed as soon as possible. Kidney stones that are small sized often pass through urine. However, the big ones need to be removed via surgical methods or medication. It can grow to a size of the golf ball with a crystalline structure that is sharp causing pain in the kidney.
Kidney stones are mostly symptomless unless they get too big or move towards the ureter.
The common symptom of kidney stones when they become noticeable includes:
- Blood in the urine.
- Severe pain arising from the sides of the groin area.
- Nausea and Vomiting.
- Pus in the urine or WBCs.
- Reduced urine excretion.
- Burning sensation while urinating.
- The consistent urge for urination.
- Chills and fever arising from any infection inside the kidney.
CT scan to confirm the presence of kidney stones.
Ultrasound can also be used for detection of an anomaly in the kidney that can lead to issues in the excretory system.